Scholars have listed six external and six internal rules of reverence for reading he Quran, which are given below:
1. Rules of (External) Reverence
• Perform wudoo’ and then sit facing the direction of the Kaa’bah in a respectful manner.
• Do not read hurriedly, but read slowly with correct pronunciation.
• Do not talk to others during recitation. If one is forced to speak to someone, it should be done after first closing the Book, and one should recite aa’oozu bil-laahi minash-shay-taanir-rajeem before reading again.
• Reading should be in a low voice, if in sincerity is apprehended on your own part or disturbance is caused to others. Otherwise read with an intoned (reciting) voice.
• Read in a melodious voice, because there are numerous Hadiths laying emphasis on this.
2. Rules of (Internal) Reverence
• The heart should be full of glory of the Quran i.e. realizing how sublime it is.
• Bear in mind the loftiness, majesty and magnificence of Allah سبحانہ وتعالی, whose revealed word the Quran is.
• The heart should be free from distraction and doubts.
• Dwell upon the meanings and enjoy reading it.
Rasoolullaah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم once spent the whole night reading over and over again the following aayah:
If Thou should chastise them, they are Thy servants, and if Thou should forgive them, Thou art the Mighty, the Wise
• Submit your heart to the subject-matter of the aayaat you are reading. For instance, on aayaat containing a message of Allah’s mercy, the heart should be filled with delight. And on aayaat of punishment, the heart should tremble with awe.
• The ears should be made as attentive as if Allah سبحانہ وتعالی Himself is speaking and the reader is listening to Him.
May Allah سبحانہ وتعالی, out of His mercy and kindness, grant all of us the ability to read the Quran according to these rules of reverence. Aameen!