Sent By: Haris Khan
Rasul Allah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said: “The universe compared to Allah’s kursi (footrest) is like a ring in a desert. And Allah’s kursi compared to His ursh (throne) is like a ring in a desert.” [Ibn Hibban, Ibn Abi Hatim]
The size of our planet earth compared to the size of the universe is like a grain of sand compared to the size of the earth. Now read again how the size of the universe compares to Allah’s kursi and His ursh!
When we consider Allah سبحانہ وتعالی as our Creator and the Creator and Maintainer of the entire universe, when we consider revelation to have come from Him, of what value is our opinion and intellect against His? Allah سبحانہ وتعالی as our Creator knows our nature best and has graciously informed us which laws are ideal for us, so we can live by Divine Guidance and avoid the pain of trial and error.
When mines are planted, mine maps are made. Mine maps help the army that has the mine map to safely cross the mine field themselves. Allah سبحانہ وتعالی has sent us the Quran as a mine map, so that we may safely cross the mine field of life. But our ignorance and arrogance are such, that we wish to negotiate this mine field with no regard to the mine map!
The Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said, “Envy is permitted only in two cases: Of a man whom Allah gives wealth, and he disposes of it rightfully, and of a man whom Allah gives knowledge, and he applies and teaches it.” [Bukhari]
According to Imam An-Nawawi's explanation, the word Hasad (jealousy) is used here in the sense of Ghibtah, i.e. envy. In Islam, jealousy is forbidden and is held unlawful. The reason being that one who is jealous wants the one he is jealous of to be deprived of that blessing. Envy is permissible for the reason that when one sees that a person has been graced by Allah سبحانہ وتعالی with certain gifts and qualities, he also desires to be blessed with those gifts. In the latter case, he does not grumble and grieve but eagerly prays to Allah سبحانہ وتعالی for those gifts.
‘Knowledge’ stands for the knowledge of the Quran and Hadith because this knowledge alone is beneficial for man, and it is through this knowledge that correct judgements can be made. This hadith encourages acquiring useful knowledge and wealth to spend only in the ways pleasing to Allah سبحانہ وتعالی.
Rewarded In All Cases
The Messenger of Allah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said: “A man (from amongst the people before you) said: ‘Indeed! I will give in charity.’ So he took his Sadaqah out and (unknowingly) placed it in the hand of a thief. In the morning people talked (about this incident) and said: ‘Sadaqah was given to a thief last night.’ The man said: ‘O Allah! Praise be to You. I have given Sadaqah to a thief. Indeed, I will give in charity!’ So he took his Sadaqah out and he placed it (unknowingly) in a prostitute's hand. In the morning people talked (about this incident) and said: ‘Sadaqah was given to a prostitute last night.’ On hearing this, the man said: ‘Praise be to You, O Allah! I gave Sadaqah to a prostitute. Indeed, I will give in charity!’ So he took his Sadaqah out and placed it in a rich man's hand. In the morning people talked (about this incident) and said: ‘Sadaqah was given to a rich man last night.’ The man said: ‘O Allah! Praise be to You (for helping me) give charity to a thief, a prostitute and a rich man.’ Then he had a dream in which he was told that his Sadaqah to the thief might result in his refraining from his theft, his Sadaqah to the prostitute might help her abstain from her immorality, and his Sadaqah to the rich man might help him pay heed and spend from what Allah had bestowed upon him.” [Sahih Bukhari]
What we learn from this hadith is that if the intention of the person giving something in charity is good, it will be accepted and rewarded by Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) even though it may have been given to an “undeserving” person. This shows Allah’s generosity towards us and His love for us. However, one should try to have one’s Sadaqah reach deserving, pious people.